How to Count Houses on Map.

How to Count Houses on Map

How to Count Houses on Map. Counting houses using digital maps allows us to easily make estimations for business case analysis, other humanitarian and social uses cases that require its application. We need to know how to quickly count houses or buildings on a map.

The ability to counts buildings across Africa or other natural disaster zones is useful to be able to assess the number of buildings or households affected. To be able to estimate the humanitarian services requirements and level of demand for social amenities.

Free Digital Maps to Count Houses 

Techniques and Technologies

  • Open Building ( you can Explore, FAQ, Data format, Download)
  • OpenStreetMap(OSM) data from Python and Overpass Turbo API
    • Using Overpass Turbo ( Challenges In Africa – This map intentionally left blank, (received empty dataset))
    • Using Python library called overpy that allows executing Overpass queries from Python
  • Satellite imagery (high resolution households) and use a Computer Vision(CV) algorithm to count the houses.

Counting Houses or Building on Satellite Imagery

Use-case: Counting Buildings in an Area Using Overpass Turbo

  • Overpass Turbo API uses OSM stored data for analysis
  • The OSM stored data is encoded as elements on their maps and expressed using a collection of points, each one with a single latitude and longitude;
    • Nodes are individual points generally used to mark places such as individual shops.
    • Ways are sets of points that describe shapes of buildings, roads etc. it is generally an in depth distinguishing description of node points.
  • To start the analysis process with, we only need two details: location and radius.
    • Location is expressed in geographic coordinates, namely latitude and longitude
    • In case you start with an address or a name of a place, you’ll need to perform a process called geocoding first, i.e. changing it to geographic coordinates.
  • We will generally be interested in nodes (especially with tags) rather than ways because nodes are usually enough when it comes to counting buildings.
  • Counting by category: you can also count by categories using Map Features which are identified as;
    • Categories (keys) and sub-categories (values) and using them we can filter the nodes based on which buildings we’re interested in 
    • Examples; building = retail’, ‘building = supermarket’ , ‘healthcare = pharmacy’, “amenity”=”restaurant”

Noteworthy for Africa on How to Count Houses on Map:

  • Limitation for Africa : Insufficient or no well defined data about their cities, nodes and ways points.
  • Counting of houses in most African regions is almost impossible because building or house node data has not been geocoded on Open Street Map (OSM).

Overpass API vs Google Maps Places API (Nearby Search Request)

  • Google API it’s paid (Overpass API is completely free)
  • it only supports very few categories of places, significantly less than Overpass (it can be partially solved by using correct keywords), 
  • it only returns up to 60 results (spread across several pages), which frequently is way too few to count all relevant places.

How to Count Houses on Map: Example Using Overpass Turbo Web App (View Link)

How to Count Houses on Map
How to Count Houses on Map

Example of Overpass Turbo Query Code

/*
This has been generated by the overpass-turbo wizard.
The original search was:
“building=house”
*/
[out:json][timeout:25];
// gather results
(
  // query part for: “building=house”
  node["building"]({{bbox}});
  way["building"]({{bbox}});
  relation["building"="house"]({{bbox}});
);
// print results
out body;
>;
out skel qt;

Google Earth Engine 

  • Earth Engine GCP
    • A planetary-scale platform for Earth science data & analysis. Geospatial data processing and analysis platform. Powered by Google’s cloud infrastructure.
    • Google Earth Engine combines a multi-petabyte catalog of satellite imagery and geospatial datasets with planetary-scale analysis capabilities. 
    • Scientists, researchers, and developers use Earth Engine to detect changes, map trends, and quantify differences on the Earth’s surface. 
    • It involves satellite imagery, your algorithms and real world applications or use cases
    • Earth Engine is now available for commercial use, and remains free for academic and research use. 
    • Meet Earth Engine (Watch Now) 

Insights for a more sustainable world, powered by Earth Engine.

Understand and tackle critical sustainability and climate issues such as deforestation, water management and sustainable land use.

Our Interest in Google Earth EngineDo some house counts to get to understand social amenities resource demands, get to familiarize with the possibilities of how to use it for knowledge discovery and content related to earth science, as well as data analytics projects for good in my community. Also teach others about its usefulness to research.

Notes On Solutions and Limitations

  • The OpenStreetMap solution did not work because we have mostly unstructured data representations of Africa on the map. (Tool Guide)
  • Estimating Number of Houses – A better metric is the number of households that can afford your service/product at a price point and statistical distribution. You could ballpark your number by taking population density and dividing it by average household size to get an estimate of households per area and then divide by area of interest.( Source )
  • Download high resolution households satellite imagery and use a Computer Vision(CV) algorithm to count the houses.

Related Resources 

Bank Charges Commissions in Nigeria Seefinish

Bank Charges in Nigeria

Bank charges in Nigeria are generally regulated by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). The CBN sets all of the commission charge rates at fixed and others as negotiable or flexible rates within competitive bounds of profitability for financial institutions. 

Bank Charges in Nigeria :

The Central Bank of Nigeria generally releases a circular with a “Guide to charges by banks, other financial institutions and non-bank financial institutions”(Click to View).

The Guide to Bank Charges provides a basis for the application of charges on various products and services offered by banks and other regulated institutions under its purview.


Most Frequent Bank Charges in Nigeria

The most frequently applied bank charges to customer accounts as required by CBN regulations and guidelines are listed below.

Current / Savings Account

  • Maintenance Fee – Negotiable subject to a maximum of N1 per mille (i.e. N1000) for current. No charges for savings accounts
  • Outward Telegraphic/SWIFT and other transfers – Swift cost recovery, 0.5% commission on transfer plus associated offshore bank charges (where applicable)
  • Commission on Withdrawals from Domiciliary Accounts (whether savings or current account) – 0.05% of transaction value or $10, whichever is lower

Electronic Banking Charges in Nigeria

  • Hardware Token  – Cost recovery subject to a maximum charge of N2,500
  • Software Token – One Time Password (OTP) – No Charge, However, where the OTP is sent to the customer via SMS, charges will be on cost recovery basis.
  • Bills Payment (Including Bills Payment through other E-channels) – Negotiable subject to a maximum of N500per beneficiary payable by the sender
  • Electronic Funds Transfer Charges
    • Below N5,000 charge  N10 
    • Within N5,001 – N50,000  charge  N25 
    • Above N50,000 charge N50

Card Maintenance Fee

  • Foreign Currency Denominated Debit/Credit Cards – $10 p.a. (or its equivalent)
  • Naira Debit/Credit Card 
    • Current account – No charge,  
    • Savings accounts – maximum of N50 quarterly maintenance fee
  • Issuance / Replacement / Renewal Fees – N1,000
  • Remote-On-Us (from other bank’s ATM) in Nigeria – maximum of N35 after the third withdrawal within the same month

ATM Transactions

  • On-Us (withdrawal from issuing bank’s ATM) – No Charge
  • Not On-Us (withdrawal from other bank’s ATM) in Nigeria – N35 after the third withdrawal within the same month
  • International Withdrawals (per Exact cost by international acquirer (cost recovery)transaction) whether debit/credit card

Merchant Service Commission (MSC)

  • General Merchant (Including Domestic, International Travels and Entertainment) – 0.50% of transaction value but not more than N1,000

Transaction Alerts

  • SMS Alert (Mandatory) – Cost recovery (on customer-induced transactions) , No charge (for bank-induced transactions
  • However, where a customer opts not to receive SMS alert, the customer should issue an indemnity (for losses that may arise as a result) to the bank.
  • Email notification –  No charge
  • Use of Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) – Current NIP charges apply
  • Purchase with cash-back N100 per N20,000 subject to cumulative N60,000 daily withdrawal

Verification of Customers’ Documents with Government Agencies

  • CAC – Cost recovery
  • Certified True Copy (CTC) – Cost recovery

Cost of Cheque Books

  • Cheque Books – Cost recovery
  • Counter Cheque – N50 per leaflet

Cashless Policy

Individual

  • Cash deposit – 2% for transactions above N500,000
  • Cash withdrawal – 3% for transactions above N500,000

Corporate

  • Cash deposit – 3% for transactions above N3,000,000
  • Cash withdrawal – 5% for transactions above N3,000,000

Interest on Deposits

  • Current Account in Credit Balance – Negotiable
  • Savings Account – Minimum of 30% of MPR p.a. (not applicable if a customer makes more than 4 withdrawals in a month)
  • Term Deposit Accounts –  Negotiable
  • Domiciliary Accounts – Current Accounts Negotiable
  • Savings Accounts – Negotiable

Penal Rate on Loans/Advances/Excess Overdraft/Credit Limit

  • Naira loans and advances: Maximum of 1% flat per month of unpaid amount in addition to charging current rate of interest on outstanding debt.
  • Foreign currency loans and advances: Maximum of 0.25% flat per month of unpaid amount in addition to charging current rate of interest on outstanding debt

Bank Charges Compliance and Accountability Standards in Nigeria

Your have a right to report poor bank services rendered, because you will be doing more service to yourself, your community and your country in shaping it into a more accountable society.

@seefinish & insights

Accountability and Responsibility by Banks

  • The Executive Compliance Officers (ECO) shall monitor compliance with the requirements of this Guide and shall be held liable for any breach.
  • The Head, Information Technology Division shall ensure that the name of all system related/generated/posted charges shall conform strictly to this Guide.
  • The Head, Information Technology Division shall render monthly report attaching a schedule of all failed transactions on e-channels (ATM, PoS, mobile, web/internet and related channels) that originate or terminates in his bank, to the Director, Payments System Management and Consumer Protection Departments of the CBN
  • Details of all fees and charges applicable to a transaction shall be disclosed to the customer at the point of consummation (where applicable).
  • Transaction receipt/alert/confirmation for any charge shall contain a description of the charge.

Sanctions to Banks

  • Financial Institutions are to note that any breach of the provisions of this Guide carries a penalty of N 2,000,000 per infraction or as may be determined by the CBN from time to time.
  • Where a bank is found to have wrongfully imposed a particular charge on its customers, the provision of Section (i) above shall apply for the charge on each customer.
  • Failure to comply with CBN’s directive in respect of any infraction shall attract a further penalty of N2,000,000 daily until the directive is complied with or as may be determined by the CBN from time to time.
  • Banks are required to log every complaint received from their customers into the Consumer Complaints Management System (CCMS) and must generate a unique reference code for each complaint lodged, which must be given to the customer. Failure to log and provide the code to the customer amounts to a breach and is sanctionable with a penalty of N1,000,000 per breach.
  • A penalty of N100,000 shall be imposed on a financial institution that contravenes the provisions of Part 6C.

Related Resources to Bank Charges in Nigeria

Tax in Nigeria

Tax in Nigeria 

There are numerous tax administrations in Nigeria. The taxation systems that accrue to companies, individuals, products or services in Nigeria, needs to be fully understood in other to avoid defaulting fines and penalties, also to ensure the correct customer charges and deductions are implemented.

List of Tax Systems in Nigeria

  • Companies Income Tax (CIT)
  • Personal Income Tax (PIT)
  • Withholding Tax (WHT)
  • Value Added Tax (VAT)
  • Stamp Duty (SD)
  • Capital Gains Tax (CGT)
  • National Information Technology Development Levy (NITDL)
  • Tertiary Education Tax (EDT)

Tax Types and Rates in Nigeria

Companies Income Tax (CIT)   

https://firs.gov.ng/companies-income-tax-cit/

  • CIT is governed by Companies Income Tax Act (CITA), Cap C21, LFN 2004 (as amended)
  • CIT is a tax imposed on profit of a company from all sources
  • The rate of tax is 30% of total profit of a company
  • Some profits are exempted from CIT provided they are not derived from trade or business activities carried out by the company e.g. Cooperative society
  • Every company shall pay provisional tax not later than three (3) months from the beginning of each year of assessment which is an amount equal to the tax paid in the previous year of assessment. This is a payment on account of the year’s income tax assessment

The due date for filing returns:

  • For newly incorporated companies, within eighteen (18) months from the date of incorporation or not later than six (6) months after the end of its accounting period, whichever is earlier
  • For existing companies, within six (6) months from the end of the accounting year.
  • A self-assessment filer may (by application) commence payment of instalment before due date but such installment cannot extend beyond two months after the due date
  • Companies in operation for more than four (4) years are liable to minimum tax except those specifically exempted by the tax law

Minimum Tax under CITA arises where:

  • A company makes a loss
  • A company has no tax payable
  • Tax payable is less than minimum tax​

Small company rates

  • The CIT rate is 0% for companies with gross turnover of NGN 25 million or less.

Medium company rates

  • The CIT rate is 20% for companies with gross turnover greater than NGN 25 million and less than NGN 100 million.

Large company rates 

  • The CIT rate is 30% for large companies (i.e. companies with gross turnover greater than NGN 100 million)

Learn more here : 

Personal Income Tax (PIT)

https://firs.gov.ng/personal-income-tax-pit/

  • Personal Income Tax is guided by the Personal Income Tax Act Cap P8 LFN 2004 (as amended)
  • The tax is imposed on income of Individuals, Corporate sole or body of individuals, Communities, Families and Trustees or Executors of any settlement- An individual is entitled to a Consolidated Relief Allowance of N200,000 or 1% of gross income whichever is higher plus 20% of gross income
  • The rate of the tax ranges from 7% to 24%, depending on the amount of chargeable income- Individuals are subject to minimum tax of 1% of gross income where the income is less than N300,000 per annum
  • The tax is administered by FCT/States Internal Revenue Service(IRS) in respect of their residents
  • The tax is also administered by FIRS on non-residents, members of the Armed Forces, Police, Officers of Nigerian Foreign Service
  • The due date for filing returns of the tax is 31st March of every year
  • The due date for remittance of PAYE is 10th day of every succeeding month
  • An employer shall file return of emoluments and tax deducted from the employees in the preceding year not later than 31st January of every year
  • A person who fails to file a return shall be liable on conviction to a fine of N5,000 and a further sum of N100 for every day during which the failure continues or imprisonment of six (6) months or both
  • Any employer who fails to file a return, shall be liable on conviction to a penalty of N500,000 for body corporate and N50,000 in the case of individual
  • Learn more here; Nigeria Individual – Taxes on personal income – https://taxsummaries.pwc.com/Nigeria/Individual/Taxes-on-personal-income 

Withholding Tax (WHT)

https://firs.gov.ng/withholding-tax-wht/

  • Withholding Tax (WHT) is a method used to collect Income Tax in advance
  • WHT is deducted at varying rates ranging from 5% to 10% depending on the transaction
  • The due date for filing WHT returns is 21st day of every succeeding month
  • Penalty for late filing of returns is N25, 000 for the first month it occurs and N5, 000 for each subsequent month the failure continues
Tax in NIgeria

Source : PWC Nigeria Corporate – Withholding taxes – https://taxsummaries.pwc.com/nigeria/corporate/withholding-taxes 

Value Added Tax (VAT)

​​https://firs.gov.ng/value-added-tax-vat/ 

  • VAT is governed by Value Added Tax Act Cap V1, LFN 2004 (as amended)
  • VAT is a consumption tax paid when goods are purchased and services rendered
  • It is a multi-stage tax
  • VAT is borne by the final consumer
  • All goods and services (produced within or imported into the country) are taxable except those specifically exempted by the VAT Act
  • VAT is charged at a rate of 7.5%
  • Some goods and services such as non-oil exports are zero rated
  • All taxable persons are required to file VAT monthly returns not later than 21st day following the month of transaction

Under the Nigerian VAT regime, three groups of taxpayers are obligated to deduct VAT at source and remit directly to the tax authority. These are:

  1. Nigerian companies that are carrying on VATable transactions with non-resident companies within the country; 
  2. Government ministries, statutory bodies and other agencies of government; and
  3. Companies operating in the oil and gas sector.

Stamp Duty (SD)

https://firs.gov.ng/stamp-duty-sd/

  • It is governed by Stamp Duties Act, CAP S8, LFN 2004 (as amended)
  • It is administered on written documents only
  • It is administered by both FIRS, FCT and respective States Internal Revenue

Service(IRS)

  • FIRS assesses and collects duties on documents executed between a company and an individual, group or body of individuals
  • FCT and States Internal Revenue Service(IRS) assess and collect duties on documents executed between persons or individuals
  • A Commissioner of Stamp Duties adjudicates on the amount of duty payable on instrument (Adjudication is the process of determining the correct amount of duty payable on an instrument)

Forms of Stamp Duties

  • Fixed Duties- duties that do not vary with consideration, e.g. duties on payment receipt, proxy forms, guarantor forms, etc.
  • Ad-valorem- Duties that vary with consideration, e.g. duties on Share Capital, Deed of Assignment, Debenture, Bills of Exchange, etc.
  • Methods of stamping: Embossing with die, Affixing adhesive stamp and Affixing postage stamp in lieu of adhesive stamp
  • Duties are paid before documents are executed​

Capital Gains Tax (CGT)

https://firs.gov.ng/capital-gains-tax-cgt/

  • It is governed by Capital Gains Tax Act, Cap C1 LFN 2004 (as amended)
  • Capital Gains Tax is charged at a flat rate of 10% of chargeable gains
  • All chargeable assets are subject to Capital Gains Tax when disposed at a gain, except those specifically exempted by the Act
  • Chargeable assets include all forms of property whether or not situated in Nigeria
  • The due date for filing return and payment of the tax is the same as in Companies Income Tax
  • Allowable expenditure for the purpose of CGT includes fees, commissions or remunerations paid for professional services and cost of transfer
  • Gains exempted from CGT include those arising from disposal of decorations awarded for valour and gallant conduct, life insurance policy, Nigerian government securities, stock and shares etc.
  • Gains shall not be chargeable if it accrues to some organizations provided the gain is not derived from any disposal of any asset acquired in connection with any trade carried on by the organization, e.g. An ecclesiastical, charitable or educational institution of a public character, Statutory registered friendly society, Cooperative society registered under Cooperative Societies Law of any State, Trade union registered under the Trade Unions Act.

National Information Technology Development Levy (NITDL)

https://firs.gov.ng/national-information-technology-development-levy-nitdl/

  1. The Levy is governed by National Information Technology Development Agency Act, CAP N156 LFN 2004 (as amended)
  2. The Levy is charged at the rate of 1% of Profit before tax
  3. The Levy is charged on specified companies with turnover of N100 million and above

Companies liable to pay the Levy are:

  1. GSM Service Providers and all Telecommunication Companies
  2. Cyber Companies and Internet Providers
  3. Pension Managers and Pension Related Companies
  4. Banks and other Financial Institutions and
  5. Insurance Companies

Tertiary Education Tax (EDT)

Learn more – https://firs.gov.ng/tertiary-education-tax-edt/

  • It is now governed by Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Establishment, Etc.) Act 2011 Imposed on all companies registered in Nigeria
  • The rate of the tax is 2% of assessable profit
  • The due date for filing returns is the same as that of CIT and PPT
  • The tax is an allowable deduction in computing the assessable profits of companies engaged in petroleum operations(Upstream)
  • Funds derived from the tax are used for rehabilitation, restoration and consolidation of tertiary education in Nigeria by the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFUND)
  • The amount in the Fund is distributed between Universities, Polytechnics and Colleges of Education in the ratio 2:1:1 respectively
  • First offence against the Act is liable on conviction to a fine of N1, 000,000 or a term of 6 months imprisonment or both. Second and subsequent offences attract a fine of N2, 000,000 or a term of 12 months or both.

Other Sub-types Tax and Rates 

Petroleum Profit Tax (PPT)

This is a tax on income of companies engaged in upstream petroleum operations while tax to be charged is on the profits of each accounting period of a company and shall be taken to be the aggregate of adjusted profit, assessable profits and chargeable profits.

The Profit Petroleum Tax rates are as follows:

  • 50% for petroleum operations under production sharing contracts (PSC) with the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC).
  • 65.75% for non-PSC operations, including joint ventures (JVs), in the first five years during which the company has not fully amortised all pre-production capitalised expenditure.
  • 85% for non-PSC operations after the first five years.
  • Upstream gas profits are taxed at 30%.

Tenement Rate

These rates are property taxes paid by landlords or occupiers of a building payable to local government Councils as part of their internally generated revenue. It is a consolidation of ground rent and neighborhood improvement levy. The applicable formula provided by the reviewed law.

Some know levies payable to the state give rise to a total levy of 3% of the fair value of the land;

  • Consent fee
  • Land registration fee
  • Right of Occupancy fee and
  • Tenement rates are chargeable by state and local government authorities.

Tax Types Most Important to MSME

  • VAT – Value Added Tax (7.5%) – Charged to final consumers of goods or services (i.e from company or individual)
  • WHT – Withholding Tax (5-10%) – A method used to collect Income Tax in advance from your company(10%) or individual(5%) services or product supplies.
  • CIT – Companies Income Tax (30%) – a tax imposed on profit of a company from all sources, companies with gross turnover greater than NGN 25 – 100 million above)
  • PIT – Personal Income Tax (7 – 24%, 1% of Gross) – a tax imposed on income of Individuals, Corporate sole or body of individuals, Communities, Families and Trustees or Executors of any settlement

How to File and Pay Tax in Nigeria 

To pay tax in Nigeria you either visit and FIRS offices location in any state or use their digital platforms

Tax Terminologies and Definitions

Income 

  • The amount of money or its equivalent received during a period of time in exchange for labor or services, from the sale of goods or property, or as profit from financial investments.
  • ​​In Economics – The amount of monetary or other returns, either earned or unearned, accruing over a given period of time. 
  • In Commerce – The receipts; revenue.

Significant Economic Presence (SEP) – 

https://taxsummaries.pwc.com/nigeria/corporate/taxes-on-corporate-income

  • Derives income of NGN 25 million or equivalent in other currencies from Nigeria in a year
  • Uses a Nigerian domain name (.ng) or registers a website address in Nigeria, or
  • Has purposeful and sustained interactions with persons in Nigeria by customizing its digital platform to target persons in Nigeria (e.g. by stating the prices of its products or services in Naira).

Related Resources for Tax in Nigeria

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Port-Harcourt Startup Innovation Seefinish

Port Harcourt Startup Innovation Ecosystem Tour Hangout

Port Harcourt Startup & Innovation Tour / Hangout was a 2 day event to understand, as well as bolster the Port Harcourt innovation ecosystem. The organizers engaged with innovation hubs, work spaces, investors, startups, programmers, media brands, digital marketing brands, technologist, entrepreneurs, business owners, as well as mentees and mentors. The main organizers were StartupSouth and Afrilabs.

Port Harcourt Startup Event Activities

The Port-Harcourt Startup event hosted a series of activities which were both educating and engaging. The main activities were:

  • Port-Harcourt Innovation Ecosystem Tour
  • Hub Leaders Seminar (Starting and Running a Sustainable Innovation Hub) : Watch on Youtube
  • Port-Harcourt Startup and Innovation Hangout

Events Partners

The main events partners amongst the many other associate business and startup brands that attended the event includes;

Innovation Hubs Visited in Port-Harcourt

Watch YouTube Videos of Innovation Hub Tour

Main Speakers / Personalities :

  • Anna Ekeledo (Exec. Dir. AfriLabs)
  • Ikechukwu Uche (SSEAN Investor)
  • Uki Asemota-Osifo (Regional Lead Digiclan)
  • Uche Aniche ( Convener #StartupSouth )

Conclusion

The Port Harcourt Startup Innovation Ecosystem Hub Tour and Hangout thought stakeholders that hubs have to be domain specific in other to create value for the kind of target clients or investors expected.

(Watch on YouTube – Hub 101: Starting And Running A Innovation Hub).

Noteworthy Keys to Building a Startup or Innovation Hub;

  • Develop on “Ideas” that solves a niche problem and can scale fast.
  • Startups are innovative solution providers that develop products or services to solve a problem and scale fast to attract investors looking for quick win businesses.
  • Incubation Hubs are where to go to for mentorship and guidance on how to build on your startup business ideas.
  • Innovation Hubs creates workspace and conducive ecosystem to interaction with like minds
  • Angel Investors
  • Mentor-Angel Investors
  • Venture Capitalist
  • Communities for Collaboration
  • Hub Leaders or Managers

There is an investment opportunity for everyone, take your pick and contribute to society as an advocate, a social entrepreneur or a capital gains investor.

Top 5 Factors that Make Startup Succeed (IdeaLab)

  • Ideas (28%)
  • Team / Execution (32%)
  • Business Model ( generate customer revenue) (24%)
  • Funding (14%)
  • Timing (42%) – are consumers really ready for what you are offering

The single biggest reason why start-ups succeed | Bill Gross (Watch on YouTube)

earthquake-tremors-in-Nigeria-seefinish-insights

Earthquakes and Tremors in Nigeria

Earthquakes and Tremors in the Nigeria Basin

Recently in Nigeria, a report of a minor tremor earthquake was recorded by the Obafemi Awolowo University monitoring station with a magnitude of 2.6. This earthquake was observed to be associated with the Ifewara-Zungeru Transcurrent Fault Zone system, in South-West Nigeria. The estimated epicentral distance of the tremor was between 108 and 113 km away from the measuring station at OAU Ile-Ife. The epicenter was somewhere along the NW-SE direction of Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria roughly placed close to Omu-Aran in North-Central Kwara State. (3) 

How many incidents have occurred in the last 10 years?

In Nigeria records of earthquakes and tremors in the last 10 years have barely been up to seven (7) as the data below shows. Nigeria has so far recorded over 38 earthquakes and tremors from 1933-01-01 to 2021-07-05. We have collated all data from multiple reliable sources that prove it. Kindly contact us at our email [email protected] for the purchase of data.

Date (year-month-day)Origin timeFelt areasIntensity/magnitudeProbable epicenterLatitudeLongitude
2011-11-050:00:00Abeokuta4.4Close to Abeokuta7.172175153.300487985
2016-07-100:00:00Saki4Oyo8.6590054833.387435805
2016-08-100:00:00Bayelsa and Rivers states3Igbogene (Ogbogene)5.0355394896.402825827
2016-09-110:00:00Kwoi3.1Kaduna9.4477359288.010083644
2016-09-120:00:00Samban Dagi (Sambang Dagi)3Kaduna9.597650378.038932996
2018-09-052:30Abuja, Gitata in Nasarawa3.5Mpape Hills, Abuja9.121852697.485772824
2021-07-0511:11:25Abuja, SW2.6NW-SE direction of Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria roughly placed close to Omu-Aran in North-Central Kwara State.8.2066898585.119414106
10 Years Data on Earthquakes and Tremors in Nigeria

Map Earthquakes and Tremors in the Nigeria Basin

Interactive Maps and Locations and Dates and images

Map of Nigeria showing the study area, the Zungeru-Ifewara fault line

Map of Nigeria showing the study area, the Zungeru-Ifewara fault and some major towns along the fault line.
Map of Nigeria showing the study area, the Zungeru-Ifewara fault, and some major towns along the fault line (view source).

How Prepared Are We in Nigeria for Earthquakes?

What does it mean to be earthquake or tremor prepared, lessons from other countries on earthquakes disaster preparedness means to have the following in place:

  • Monitoring centers located in multiple or specific locations within a country with public access to data reports on predetermined fault zones as presented by Geophysicist and Geophysical surveys.
  • Learn the safe spots in each room of your home. A safe spot may be underneath a sturdy table away from walls or underneath your covers with a pillow over your head if you are already in bed. During an earthquake, most deaths and injuries are caused by collapsing building materials and heavy falling objects.
  • Plan and practice what to do if an earthquake strikes. This will help you easily coordinate when an earthquake occurs.
  • Create an evacuation plan to evacuate a damaged area afterward. Mark where your emergency supply kit (i.e fire extinguishers, food supplies, first-aid package, An ax, shovel, broom, A rope for towing or rescue, Sturdy shoes, hard gloves), locate and turn off switches and values if possible.

How are Earthquakes Measured?

Earthquakes and tremors are measured using Richter Magnitude Scale (shown below)

When should we start getting worried about Earthquakes and Tremors in the Nigeria Basin

First, you need to understand the science of earthquake dictation and prediction. The data capture so far on tremors and earthquakes in Nigeria in comparison to other countries shows that we have had relatively low magnitudes. You can start getting worried when the magnitude goes above 5 on the scale.

Other Potential Natural Disasters

The are many natural disasters and associated health hazards in the world, those that should be of concern to Nigeria are;

  • Flooding 
  • Earthquake 
  • Drought 
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Landslides or Mudslides
  • Lightning 
  • Extreme Heats
  • Wildfires
  • Tornadoes

Related Resources to Earthquakes and Tremors in the Nigeria Basin

  1. Richter Magnitude Scale?
  2. Preparing for an Earthquake
  3. Nigerian State Records Earth Tremor Measuring 2.6 On Richter Scale
  4. Investigating Earthquake Magnitude By Seismic Signals And Wavelet Transform In Optimal Design
  5. Nigeria authorities dispel earthquake fears after Abuja tremors
  6. A review of earthquake occurrences and observations in Nigeria (pdf download)
  7. Preliminary investigation of earth tremors using total electron content: a case study in parts of Nigeria (VIew Alternate Source)
  8. Preliminary geological evidence for multiple tremors in Kwoi, Central Nigeria
  9. 92 earthquakes and tremors recorded in past 24 hours around Mount Nyiragongo volcano
  10. African Risk Capacity Group and Centre for Disaster Protection seal collaborative deal to improve disaster risk management systems – World – ReliefWeb
  11. Review Of Earthquakes In Nigeria: An Understudied Area
  12. Mechanical Model for Nigerian Intraplate Earth Tremors

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How to secure your smartphone - Seefinish.com

How to secure smartphone

How to Secure your Smartphone

How to secure your smartphone from being hacked, requires your understanding of a few simple action points as listed here on this page.

Mobile Phone Security Tips (Don’t get hacked)

How to Secure your smartphone to avoid the greatest threats to mobile security such as Trojan-Downloaders and Trojan-Droppers. The trojan threats are especially common and dangerous given that they have the potential to contain a significantly damaging amount of payloads.

The Safety and Security measure to protect your phone

The Safety and Security measure to protect your phone and data are as follows.

  • installing cybersecurity solutions on their mobile devices, like Kaspersky Total Security
  • Create a strong password on your smartphone
  • Do not trust SMS, most mobile malware uses text messages, so users should never respond to requests for credit card details or other private information.
  • Check your browser for the padlock symbol, indications of ‘HTTPS, the padlock icon in the address bar indicates that the sight is secure when entering personal data.
  • Install apps from reputable sources, like the app stores that are compatible with phones O/S.
  • Popular shopping sites such as Aliexpress, Jumia, Konga, Amazon or eBay have their own mobile applications software.
  • Before installing applications software, you must check to see they are the official apps from the company before you initiate a download. This can be done by checking the developer information and user ratings on the download page.

Associated hashtags

#data #cybersecurity #security #developer #malware #amazon #mobileapplications #safety #like

Related Resources on Secure your Smartphone

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COVID 19 Treatment Drugs Nigeria seefinish.com

COVID 19 Treatment Nigeria

They are some drugs for COVID 19 treatment that people are currently using to fight the Coronavirus (#COVID19) in Nigeria. This treatment involves a set of drugs that are not officially prescribed for patients by doctors, but the drugs are usually bought over the counter to personally assist in fighting hospitalization, need for oxygen, and deaths from #COVID19.

Official COVID 19 Prevention

The official way to handle COVID 19 treatments in Nigeria or any other part of the world are as follows;

  • By taking a vaccine (i.e. Pfizer BioNTech, Moderna or Johnson and Johnson/Janssen),
  • Washing of hands,
  • Do not touch eye, nose or mouth with your hands
  • Use of hand sanitizers
  • Cover your mouth when sneezing or coughing
  • Wear a face mask at all time.
  • Keep your immune system at optimal (take Vitamin C, Vit D and Zinc)
  • Regular exercising and sweating
  • Drink hot water
  • Stay in airy and well ventilated environments

List of COVID 19 treatment used in Nigeria

Use these drug prescriptions to fight COVID 19 illnesses

Proactive Treatment and Prevention of Hospitalisation from COVID 19 Pandemic

Treatment I

SNDrugsWeightDosageDays
1Tabs Ivermectin12mgOnce Daily(OD)5 days
2Tabs Zinc100mgOnce Daily(OD)2 weeks
3Tabs Vitamin D4000iuOnce Daily(OD)2 weeks
4Tabs Azithromycin500mgOnce Daily(OD)6 days
5Tabs Levofloxacin500mgOnce Daily(OD)7 days
6Tabs Colchicine500mgTwice Daily (BD)5 days
7Tabs Chloroquine500mgTwice Daily (BD)3 days
8Tabs Doxycycline100mgTwice Daily (BD)7 days
9Tabs Dexamethasone6mgOnce Daily(OD)5 days
10Tabs N Acetyl Cysteine500mgTwice Daily (BD)6 weeks

Preventive Treatment I

SNDrugsWeightDosageDays
1Tabs Ivermectin12mgOnce Daily(OD)5 days
2Tabs Vitamin C500mgTwice Daily (BD)3 weeks
3Tabs Zinc50mgOnce Daily(OD)4 weeks
4Tabs Chloroquine500mgOnce Daily(OD)5 days
5Tabs Vitamin D4000iuOnce Daily(OD)2 weeks

Treament II

Here is an alternate treatment and drugs prescriptions:

SNDrugsWeightDosageDays
1Tabs Ivermectin12mgOnce Daily(OD)5 days
2Tabs Zinc100mgOnce Daily(OD)2 weeks
3Tabs Vitamin D4000iuOnce Daily(OD)2 weeks
4Tabs Azithromycin500mgOnce Daily(OD)6 days
5Tabs Levofloxacin500mgOnce Daily(OD)7 days
6Clarithromycin500mgOnce Daily(OD)7 days
7A lot of Cough syrup
8Tabs Azithromycin500mgOnce Daily(OD)5 days
9Tabs Vitamin C100mgThrice Daily(TDS)7 days
10Diclofenac suppository100mgTwice Daily (BD)3 days
11Tabs Paludrine100mgOnce Daily(OD)7 days
Additional Natural Remedies to go along with the above-listed drugs
– A lot of steam inhalation concoctions (Garlic, Lime, Ginger, Turmeric, Honey )
– Don’t drink the concoctions until you finished taking your tablets medications.
Natural: If you are not taking tablets for prevention, you can do inhalation of a steam concoction of Lemon, Ginger, Garlic, Lime. and drink the concoction afterward.
– Drink a lot of hot water.
– Drink natural fruit juices (Orange, Lime, Lemon, Pineapple)
Drug Dosage Delivery :
– OD means once daily in common language (typically in the morning),
– OD HS means once daily at bedtime.
– BD is actually – b.i.d. meaning bis in die meaning twice a day
– TDS is actually – t.i.d. meaning “ter in die ” in common language: three times a day

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COVID-19 Vaccine Port Harcourt

COVID-19 Vaccine Center in Port Harcourt

The COVID-19 Vaccine Center in Port Harcourt is now available and free to access. We are now having increasing deaths and the spread of Coronavirus has led various health NGOs, medical and government agencies to provide free access to COVID-19 vaccination centers. You can walk in freely to register and get your first shot of the COVID vaccine.

COVID-19 Vaccine Center Addresses in Port Harcourt

The table show list of currently identified COVID-19 vaccination centers in Port Harcourt, updates will be provided soon.

LGAVaccination CentersAddress
1Port Harcourt BMH – Braithwaite Memorial Specialist Hospital (aka. Rivers State University Teaching Hospital)84 Forces Ave, Orogbum 500101, Port Harcourt
2Port HarcourtUNIPORT – University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital – UPTHUniport, Choba
3Port HarcourtMilitary Hospital Port HarcourtGRA Bus stop, Aba Road, Rurome-Rezigbu 500272, Port Harcourt
4
5Port HarcourtRivers State Ministry of Health at the Rivers State Secretariat2nd Floor, Block A Rivers State Secretariat Complex, Port Harcourt
6Port HarcourtRivers State Primary Health Care Management Board Sick Bay323 Port Harcourt – Aba Expy, Rumueme 500101, Port Harcourt
7Port HarcourtPort Harcourt City Council Sick BayMoscow Rd, Old Port-Harcourt Township
8Port HarcourtObio/Akpor Council Headquarters Sick BayIkwerre Rd, Rumuodomaya 500102, Port Harcourt
9Port HarcourtGovernment House ClinicQ299+3HC, Port Harcourt 500101, Port Harcourt,
10Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center OrogbumOpposite Boms, Elekahia Rd, Junction, Port Harcourt
11Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center BunduShip Builders Road, Old Port Harcourt Twp 500101, Port Harcourt
12Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center Potts Johnson28-32 Potts Johnson St by, Ilorin St, Port Harcourt
13Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center Churchill Road1 Harold Wilson Dr, Port Harcourt 500101, Port Harcourt
14Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center Nkpolu/Mini Mile 3
15Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center MgbundukwuModel Primary Health Center, Opposite Boms, Elekahia Rd, Junction, Port Harcourt
16Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center ElekahiaModel Primary Health Care Centre, Elekahia., R27F+RP7, Elekahia 500101, Port Harcourt
17Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center Okuru-amaEde Okia Community Road, Abuloma 500101, Port Harcourt
18Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center AzuabieTrans Amadi 500101, Port Harcourt
19Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center Ozuboko13 David Street, Off peace Drive, Ozuboko, Fimeama 500101, Port Harcourt, Rivers
20Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center AbulomaAbuloma
21Port HarcourtModel Primary Health Center Amadi-amaAmadi-ama
22Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center EliozuEliozu Road, 500102, Port Harcourt
23Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center IriebeIriebe
24Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center RumuodomayaRumuokwurusi 500102, Port Harcourt
25Obio-AkporFSP Clinic Elelenwo
26Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center WojiEdukasin Filling Station, Woji 500102, Port Harcourt
27Obio-AkporObio Cottage HospitalTrans-Amadi Industrial Layout Rd, Rumuobiakani 500102, Port Harcourt
28Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center MgbuosiminiMgbuosimini
29Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center RumuemeRumueme
30Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center RumuigboRumuigbo
31Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center RumuepirikomBehind Community Secondary School, Rumuepirikom City Centre 500272, Port Harcourt
32Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center Elelenwo185 Old Refinery Road, Elelenwo 501101, Port Harcourt
33Obio-AkporHealth Post RumuokwutaRumuokwuta
34Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center EnekaV2VR+VCP, Eliowani 500102, Port Harcourt
35Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center RukpokwuW232+9J9, Rukpokwu 500102, Port Harcourt
36Obio-AkporPrimary Health Clinic RumuekiniRX54+7HC, 500102, Port Harcourt
37Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center OzuobaVWCH+GJX, 500102, Ozuoba
38Obio-AkporModel Primary Health Center RumuolumeniRX54+7HC, 500102, Port Harcourt
39Obio-AkporU.O.E Demonstration Clinic
40Obio-AkporHealth Post Elieta

COVID-19 Vaccination Mapped Locations in Port Harcourt

Covid-19 Related Knowledge Sources

Related Queries Searched by People Online in Nigeria

Find a list of COVID-19 related queries searched by people online in Nigeria.

Top COVID-19 Queries from Nigeria    

  • Covid Vaccine    (100)
  • Covid 19 Vaccine    (52)
  • Vaccine In Nigeria    (30)
  • Covid-19 Vaccine    (29)
  • Astrazeneca Vaccine   (28)
  • Covid-19    (27)
  • Covid Vaccine Nigeria    (25)
  • What Is Vaccine    (17)
  • Covid Vaccine In Nigeria   (16)
  • Vaccine Meaning    (14)
  • Coronavirus Vaccine   (11)
  • Covid 19 Vaccine In Nigeria   (10)
  • Vaccine For Covid 19    (10)
  • Coronavirus    (9)
  • Astrazeneca Covid Vaccine  (8)
  • Pfizer Vaccine    (8)
  • Moderna Vaccine    (7)
  • Covid Vaccine Side Effects    (7)
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine    (7)
  • Meaning Of Vaccine    6
  • Yellow Fever Vaccine    5
  • Covid 19 Vaccine Registration    5
  • Bcg Vaccine    4
  • Nphcda Vaccine Registration    4
  • Covid 19 Vaccine Update    3

Rising COVID-19 Queries from Nigeria 

  • Astrazeneca Vaccine    (Breakout) 
  • Astrazeneca Covid Vaccine    (Breakout) 
  • Pfizer Vaccine    (Breakout) 
  • Covid Vaccine Side Effects    (Breakout) 
  • Covid 19 Vaccine Registration    (Breakout) 
  • Nphcda Vaccine Registration    (Breakout) 
  • Covid Vaccine Near Me    (Breakout) 
  • Astrazeneca Vaccine Side Effects    (Breakout) 
  • Side Effects Of Covid 19 Vaccine    (Breakout) 
  • Nphcda Vaccine Registration Portal    (Breakout) 
  • Covid 19 Vaccine Side Effects    (Breakout) 
  • Covid-19 Vaccine Side Effects    (Breakout) 
  • Mrna Vaccine    (Breakout) 
  • Moderna Vaccine Side Effects    (Breakout) 
  • Moderna Vaccine    +700%
  • Johnson And Johnson Vaccine    +500%
  • Covid Vaccine In Nigeria    +450%
  • Covid Vaccine Nigeria    +400%
  • Covid 19 Vaccine In Nigeria    +190%
  • Covid-19 Vaccine    +170%
  • Covid Vaccine    +160%
  • Covid-19    +90%
  • Vaccine Meaning    +80%
  • Vaccine For Covid 19    +80%
  • Vaccine In Nigeria    +70%

Back to Top | Google Trends for COVID-19 Vaccine in Nigeria

Singularity 6 raises $30M to fund upcoming fantasy ‘community simulation’ MMO

LA-based game studio Singularity 6 has banked more funding as it scales itself up and readies for the launch of its debut title.

The startup tells TechCrunch, they’ve raised $30 million in a Series B bout of funding led by FunPlus Ventures with additional participation from Andreessen Horowitz (a16z), LVP, Transcend, Anthos Capital and Mitch Lasky. The studio has now disclosed some $49 million in funding, a sizable sum, but one that showcases how much investors are looking to rally around gaming platform plays in the wake of Roblox’s monster IPO.

In 2019, Singularity 6 raised a $16.5 million Series A led by Andreessen Horowitz. At the time, the studio was mum on details about its upcoming debut title, but we’ve learned more about it since.

The title, Palia, is a community simulation game that seems to be more focused on Animal Crossing-like community mechanics in an MMO environment, rather than endless battles. Last month, the studio showcased a launch trailer of the title which hinted at a good deal of the gameplay. Palia looks to be a medieval Zelda-like environment where users can move between towns in an open world environment while farming and collecting resources to build structures in a shared world.

The company has said in marketing materials that the title is “designed to create community, friendships and a real sense of belonging.” In a statement, a16z partner Jonathan Lai called the upcoming title, “warm and dynamic.”

There are still quite a bit of unanswered questions about the title, which is currently taking sign-ups on its website to be alerted to pre-alpha access. We do know that plenty of VCs are betting millions on the prospect that this multi-player title could be big.

Common Sense Networks launches Sensical, a free, hand-curated streaming service for kids

Common Sense Media has made a name for itself among parents as a useful resource for vetting entertainment and technology in terms of its age-appropriateness. Now, the organization’s for-profit affiliate, Common Sense Networks, is taking inspiration from those kid-friendly recommendations with the launch of new streaming service called Sensical. The service offers age-appropriate, entertaining, and educational videos for children ages 2 through 10.

At launch, the free, ad-supported service includes over 15,000 hand-curated videos and over 50 topic-based channels for children to explore. And unlike other platforms, like Netflix or YouTube, Sensical doesn’t use algorithms to make content recommendations. Instead, kids are encouraged to follow their own interests and passions across over 50 topic-based channels. This includes things like Adventures, Animals, Arts & Crafts, Music, Science, Sports, Video Games, and other sorts of kid-friendly topics.

Kids can star these channels, or individual videos or series, in order to keep up with their favorite content in a dedicated Favorites section within the app.

Kids will see a selection of these channels based on their age, but the company is working to expand the channel lineup so there will be even more specific categories in the future. For example, instead of just “sports,” there could be channels like “soccer” or “gymnastics.” Instead of “Arts,” there could be “drawing” or “origami.” Instead of just “science,” it could include channels like “geography” or “robotics,” and so on.

Image Credits: Common Sense Networks

The app also features a Live TV section, which is programmed throughout the day with kid-friendly content so kids don’t have to browse to find something to quickly watch.

While other streaming services on the market offer kid-friendly content — as that’s a huge selling point for subscribers — it’s not always organized in a way that makes sense. Sometimes, all the content gets lumped into a general “Kids” category where videos for little kids are mixed in with content for older children. Sensical, meanwhile, curates the content recommendations into three different experiences, including preschool (2-4), little kids (5-7), and big kids (8-10).

What the child sees is based on how parents configure their profile. Plus, parents can use the service’s ParentZone in-app dashboard to set screen time limits, extend limits as needed, and view daily reports on what the child has watched.

The service’s best feature, however, is that the content is assured to be age-appropriate — even the ads.

This is possible because the curation approach Sensical takes, which is very different from YouTube Kids. YouTube’s app for kids leans on algorithms to filter out adult content from YouTube’s broader library, but the company doesn’t manually review all the videos it includes. It warns parents that some inappropriate content could slip through. (And it has). Common Sense Networks, meanwhile, says dozens of trained child development experts view, vet, and rate “every single frame of video” that goes live on its service using its proprietary IP and patent pending process. This system involves tagging content with specific child developmental benefits, too.

Sensical also vets its advertising, which is how the service is supported, with similar direct oversight. Its experts review the sponsor’s content to ensure it’s appropriate for children — an area that’s often overlooked on other services.

Image Credits: Common Sense Networks

To fill its library, Common Sense Networks partnered with dozens of studios and distribution partners as well as digital-first creators.

Studio and distribution partners include CAKE (Poppy Cat), Cyber Group Studios (Leo The Wildlife Ranger), The Jim Henson Company (The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss, Jim Henson’s Animal Show with Stinky and Jake), Mattel (Kipper, Pingu, Max Steel), Raydar Media (Five Apples’ limited series, Apple Tree House), Superights (Bo Bear, Handico), WildBrain (Teletubbies, Rev & Roll), Xilam Animation (Learn and Play with Paprika, Moka’s Fabulous Adventures), ZDF Enterprises (Lexi & Lottie, School of Roars), Zodiak Kids (Mister Maker, Tee and Mo), ABC Commercial, CBC & Radio-Canada Distribution, Jetpack Distribution, Nelvana, 9 Story Distribution International, Sesame Workshop, Serious Lunch, and Studio 100.

Digital creators, meanwhile, include ABCMouse, Aaron’s Animals, Alphabet Rockers, batteryPOP, California Academy of Sciences, GoldieBlox, The Gotham Group’s Gotham Reads, Guggenheim Museum, Howdytoons, Kids’ Black History, MEL Science + Chemistry, N*Gen, Pinkfong, Penguin Random House’s Brightly Storytime, Studio71 (Parry Gripp, Maymo, Hyper Roblox), Tankee, Ubongo Kids, Vooks, Bounce Patrol, Hevesh5, Mother Goose Club, StacyPlays, Super Simple Songs and The Whistle.

The service abides by the U.S. children’s privacy laws (COPPA), and is certified by the kidSAFE Seal Program.

Image Credits: Common Sense Networks

Having briefly toyed around with the mobile app, it appears Sensical works as described. If I had any complaints personally, it would only be that the experience could be dismissed as “baby stuff” by older kids approaching their tween years, due to the cute pictures and youthful iconography used in the app’s design. Kids in older age groups take issue with being treated as if they’re younger — and they take particular notice of anything that does so. The same complaint goes for the Live TV programming, which was clearly aimed at littler kids when we checked it out, despite testing the app as child profile whose age was set to “10.”

I also think it would be nice if there was a better way to track Favorite channels and see when they’re updated with new videos, as kids moving to Sensical from YouTube will want to “feel” like they’re still connected to new and fresh content, not a library. But Sensical isn’t YouTube. There’s a trade-off between hand-curation and timeliness, and Sensical is favoring the former.

Sensical had been first introduced this spring during a closed beta, but is now publicly available to stream across web and mobile on iOSAndroid, RokuAmazon Fire TV and Apple TV. This summer, it will expand to more distribution platforms, including VIZIO.